Shin splints’ is a broad term covering several conditions including tibial stress fractures, medial tibial stress syndrome, periostitis, compartment syndrome and calf strain. The most common is medial tibial stress syndrome which is an inflammation of the soft tissue surrounding the bone lining of the tibia at the origin of several leg muscles. Shin splints are most common among runners, athletes and active people and occur in tandem with foot pain.
Common foot problems and poor foot mechanics are leading causes of shin pain in which a podiatrist can help in treating.
Initial treatment for shin splints is rest, ice and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication to reduce inflammation.
A podiatrist can also perform a biomechanical assessment to determine whether your feet over-pronate, which may contribute to shin splints. To reduce over-pronation, a podiatrist may recommend orthotics or more appropriate footwear to improve foot mechanics and alleviate stress on the leg muscles.